Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2021) Heart, stroke and vascular disease—Australian facts, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 07 December 2022.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2021). Heart, stroke and vascular disease—Australian facts. Retrieved from https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/heart-stroke-vascular-diseases/hsvd-facts
Heart, stroke and vascular disease—Australian facts. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 29 September 2021, https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/heart-stroke-vascular-diseases/hsvd-facts
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Heart, stroke and vascular disease—Australian facts [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2021 [cited 2022 Dec. 7]. Available from: https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/heart-stroke-vascular-diseases/hsvd-facts
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2021, Heart, stroke and vascular disease—Australian facts, viewed 7 December 2022, https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/heart-stroke-vascular-diseases/hsvd-facts
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Australia uses the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Conditions to code causes of death (WHO 2019).
In this report, deaths between 1981 and 1996 were coded using the Ninth Revision (ICD-9), and deaths from 1997 using the Tenth Revision (ICD-10) (Table 1).
Acute rheumatic fever and Rheumatic heart disease
Coronary heart disease
Acute myocardial infarction
Atrial fibrillation and flutter
Heart failure and cardiomyopathy
414.8, 428.0, 428.1, 428.9, 425.2, 425.4, 425.5, 425.7, 425.8, 425.9
I50, I25.5, I42.0,
Peripheral arterial disease
Atherosclerosis of peripheral arteries
Abdominal aortic aneurysm
Transient ischaemic attack
Congenital heart disease
Source: WHO 2019.
The change in classification between ICD-9 and ICD-10 has resulted in a break in the underlying cause of death series between 1996 and 1997. Where available, comparability factors been applied to allow underlying cause of death data to be compared across this time period (Table 2).
Heart failure & cardiomyopathy
Acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease
(a) Uses the comparability factor for Diseases of arteries, arterioles and capillaries (ICD–10 codes I70–I79).
(b) Uses the comparability factor for Congenital malformations of the circulatory system (ICD–10 codes Q20–Q28).
Source: ABS 2009.
For hospital diagnoses and procedures, a classification modified for Australia is used. Hospital data to 1997–98 used the ICD-9-CM (International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Conditions, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification) classification. After 1997–98, the ICD-10-AM classification (International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Conditions, Tenth Revision, Australian Modification) was used.
Diagnosis and procedure data for 2018–19 were reported to the NHMD using the 11th edition of the ICD-10-AM (ACCD 2018a), incorporating the Australian Classification of Health Interventions (ACHI) (ACCD 2018b) (Tables 3 and 4).
I00–I99, excluding I84 (haemorrhoids)
Source: ACCD 2018a.
Block no: 668
Block no: 1942
Heart valve repair / replacement
Block no: 621–638
Block no: 650
Cardiac defibrillator implant
Block no: 653
Block no: 660
Percutaneous coronary intervention
Block no: 670, 671
Coronary artery bypass graft
Block no: 672–679
Procedure code: 33500-00
Source: ACCD 2018b.
Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) codes are used in this report to classify medicines. This classification groups medicines according to the body organ or system they act upon, their therapeutic characteristics, and their chemical characteristics.
A list of the medicine groups included in this report is shown in Table 5.
More information on the ATC classification system can be found at the WHO Collaborating Centre for Drug Statistics Methodology.
Renin-angiotensin system agents
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