Since the 1985 launch of the National Campaign Against Drug Abuse (NCADA) (now the National Drug Strategy), Australia has adopted a harm minimisation approach for addressing a range of issues associated with the use of tobacco, alcohol and other drugs. The approach recognises that drug use is a complex phenomenon that will never be entirely eliminated, and that people who use drugs should be supported to progressively reduce harms to themselves and the wider community (DoH 2017; UNODC 2008). The National Drug Strategy 2017–2026 focuses on reducing harms using 3 approaches: demand reduction; supply reduction; and harm reduction (Figure HARM1).
See also the National Alcohol Strategy 2019–2028.
Figure HARM1: Three pillars of harm minimisation
DoH (Department of Health) 2017. National Drug Strategy 2017–2026. Canberra: Australian Government. Viewed 12 January 2018.
UNODC (United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime) 2008. Drug policy and results in Australia (PDF). Viewed 14 December 2017.