Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2022) Australia's children, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 27 November 2022.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2022). Australia's children. Retrieved from https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/children-youth/australias-children
Australia's children. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 25 February 2022, https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/children-youth/australias-children
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Australia's children [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2022 [cited 2022 Nov. 27]. Available from: https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/children-youth/australias-children
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2022, Australia's children, viewed 27 November 2022, https://pp.aihw.gov.au/reports/children-youth/australias-children
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25/02/22 – New data tables in the Data section of Australia’s children present updated data related to the information domains: Health, Education, Social support, Housing and Justice and safety. The administrative data sets have been updated to show both the latest year of data included in the new data tables and the web report text, which was last updated in December 2019.
ABS Causes of Death presents statistics on the number of deaths, for reference year by state or territory of Australia, sex, selected age groups, and cause of death classified to ICD. To complete a death registration, the death must be certified by a doctor or a coroner specifying cause of death. The registration of deaths is the responsibility of States and Territories, and death data is transferred to the ABS by individual Registrars.
Deaths, Australiacontains statistics about deaths and mortality rates for Australia, states and territories, and sub-state regions. The ABS Death Registrations collection includes all deaths that occurred and were registered in Australia, including deaths of persons whose place of usual residence was overseas.
Preschool education contains statistics on children enrolled and attending preschool programs across Australia in 2018. It is based on data collected through the National Early Childhood Education and Care Collection, which includes data about service providers and children. Within the Collection, a preschool program is defined as ‘a structured, play based learning program, delivered by a degree qualified teacher, aimed primarily at children in the year or two before they commence full-time schooling.’
ABS Recorded Crime—Offenders presents statistics about the characteristics of alleged offenders who were proceeded against by police during a 12-month reference period. The collection provides a profile of alleged offenders, including their age, sex, Indigenous status, principal offence, how often they have been proceeded against by police within the reference period, as well as a count of proceedings that may result in court or non-court actions.
ABS Recorded Crime—Victims presents statistics about victims of selected offences that came to the attention of, and were recorded by police during a 12-month reference period. Selected characteristics about the victim (including sex and age) or incident (including weapon use and location) are also presented, as well as the outcome of the police investigation at 30 days from the time of report. Information about the relationship of the offender to the victim and the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status of the victim is also presented for selected states and territories.
The NQF provides a national approach to regulation, assessment and quality improvement for early childhood education and care and outside school hours care services. Services approved and regulated under the NQF, include child care services (long day care, family day care, and outside school hours’ care) and preschool services.
The National Quality Standard (NQS) comprises 7 quality areas: educational program and practice, children’s health and safety, physical environment, staffing arrangements, relationships with children, collaborative partnerships with families and communities, and governance and leadership.
ACARA collects, manages, evaluates and reports information on a range of educational outcomes. The Student attendance data collection has been developed based on the National Standards for Student Attendance Data Reporting document. The national standards are applicable to students in Years 1–10 for all government, Catholic and independent schools in Australia.
Data on rates of immunisation come from the AIR, which is administered by the Australian Government Department of Human Services. Children are registered on the AIR if they have Medicare, or when they first receive a vaccination. The AIR is a nearly complete population register, as approximately 99% of children are enrolled in Medicare by 12 months of age.
Children identified as Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander in this report reflect the indigenous status recorded on the AIR, which is based on Medicare enrolment records.
The ACD contains data about all new cases of cancer diagnosed in Australia, excluding basal and squamous cell carcinomas of the skin.
Cancer is a notifiable disease in all Australian states and territories. The relevant legislation requires certain individuals and organisations to notify all new cases of cancer to the jurisdiction's central cancer registry. These registries supply data annually to the AIHW, which cleans and standardises the data, notifies the registries of inter-state duplicates and produces the Australian Cancer Database.
The CP NMDS contains information on the demographics of children and young people who receive child protection services, including:
Data for this collection are from the administrative systems of each of the eight state and territory departments responsible for child protection (with aggregate data provided by NSW).
The JJ NMDS contains data on all supervised orders (both community-based and detention) relating to young people under juvenile justice (JJ) supervision in Australia.
The NDR is a database of Australians who use insulin to treat diabetes. It was established in 1999 to monitor the incidence of insulin-treated diabetes in Australia, and aims to record all cases of people who begin to use insulin to treat their diabetes.
The NDR includes people with type 1 diabetes, insulin-treated type 2 and gestational and other types of diabetes. Data for the NDR are sourced from the National Diabetes Services Scheme and the Australasian Paediatric Endocrine Group’s state and territory registers.
The NHMD is a collection of episode-level records from admitted patient morbidity data collection systems in Australian hospitals. It is a comprehensive data set that has records for all episodes of admitted patient care from essentially all public and private hospitals in Australia.
A record is included for each separation, not for each patient, so patients who separated more than once in the year have more than one record in the NHMD.
The NMD holds records for deaths in Australia from 1964 to 2020, including information about causes of death and characteristics of the person such as sex, age at death, area of usual residence and Indigenous status. Cause of death data is sourced from the Registrars of Births, Deaths and Marriages in each state and territory.
The NPDC is a national collection of data on pregnancy and childbirth. The data are based on births reported to the perinatal data collection in each state and territory in Australia. Notification forms are completed for every birth by midwives and other birth attendants, of which a standard de-identified extract is provided annually to form the NPDC.
The SHSC obtains information about adults and children who seek assistance from specialist homelessness agencies. A person is classified as a ‘client’ once they receive services, and a ‘support period’ is the period a client receives assistance from a SHS agency. Data are collected on an ongoing basis and submitted to the AIHW on a monthly basis.
The Australian Road Deaths Database provides details of Australian road transport crash fatalities as reported by the police each month to State and Territory road safety authorities. Details included are the circumstance of the crash (for example, the location, crash type, day of week and time) and some details regarding the persons killed (for example, age, gender and road user group).
The NAPLAN tests have been conducted annually for all students across Australia in Years 3, 5, 7 and 9 since 2008, and provide nationally comparable data. It tests skills in reading, writing, spelling, grammar and punctuation, and numeracy. National minimum standards have been developed for reading, writing, spelling, language conventions (grammar and punctuation) and numeracy.
The NHMP collects data on the following:
The NHMP draws on two key sources of data:
Data on rates of notifiable vaccine-preventable diseases come from the NNDSS, which coordinates the national surveillance of more than 50 communicable diseases or disease groups. Under the NNDSS, doctors, diagnostic laboratories and hospitals are required by law to notify their state or territory health authority when cases of particular communicable diseases are identified. This data is collated, analysed and published on the Internet by the Australian Government Department of Health on a daily basis.
PIRLS is a large-scale assessment of reading literacy for students in Year 4, supported by extensive data about country, school and classroom learning environments. It is a sister projects to TIMSS. Australia participated for the first time in 2011, and again in 2016. Around 50 countries and 11 benchmarking entities participated in PIRLS 2016. In Australia, around 286 schools and more than 6000 students in Year 4 were involved.
TIMSS is a large-scale assessment of mathematics and science for students in Year 4 and Year 8, supported with data about country, school and classroom learning environments. In 2015, over 580,000 Year 4 and Year 8 students in 57 countries from around the world took part. In Australia, 6,057 Year 4 students from 287 primary schools participated and 10,338 Year 8 students from 285 secondary schools participated.
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